Hoan Kiem Lake

Located in the centre of Hanoi, Hoan Kiem Lake (‘Lake of the Returned Sword) is regarded as the heart of the city. Once a marshy lagoon, it owes its name and its fame to a powerful legend, a close parallel to an episode in the UK’s Arthurian mythology.

When Vietnam was occupied by forces of the Chinese Ming in the 15th century, Le Loi, a resistance leader, netted a magnificent sword while fishing on the Lake. The power of the sword led Le Loi to victory and the expulsion of the Chinese.Hoan Kiem Lake

Later, as Emperor Le Thai To, he rowed out on the lake once more to return the sword from whence it came in gratitude for his success. A sudden clap of thunder rent the air, whereupon a golden ‘tortoise’ emerged from water to take the sword from his hand and return it to the depths.

Hoan Kiem Lake, Turtle Tower, Ngoc Son Temple is a relic, famous sights, the pride of Hanoi and people around the country when they are towards the capital. Hoan Kiem Lake and Ngoc Son Temple is recognized as historic national culture on July 10th 1980. Hoan Kiem Lake (also known as Guom Lake) is a freshwater lake located on the capital of Hanoi. Hoan Kiem Lake has area of 12 hectares, surrounding the lake is the Le Thai To street and Dinh Tien Hoang, Hang Khay.

About 6 centuries ago, Hoan Kiem Lake  Hanoi consists of two parts running from Hang Dao Street, via Hai Ba Trung, Ly Thuong Kiet to Hang Chuoi, through the Hong River. The water in Hoan Kiem Lake is also fresh so it is also called Luc Thuy Lake.

According to the legend, the lake was renamed into Hoan Kiem Lake associated with the legendary restore the spirit sword for the Golden Turtle: when Le Loi became the King and set Thang Long as the capital. One times, the king goes out sailing on Luc Thuy Lake, suddenly, appearing a large turtle. The sword flew towards turtle. Turtle sucks the sword and sinks to the bottom lake and then, Luc Thuy Lake has a new name Hoan Kiem Lake or Guom Lake. On the lake, there have two islands: Ngoc Island and Turtle Island. In the end of the sixteenth century, Trinh Lorb called the name two lakes are Huu Vong and Ta Vong. In 1865, Nguyen Van Sieu remodeled Ngoc Son Temple on the Ngoc Island. On the Ngoc Boi Mound, he built a tower of brush. That tower is called But Tower today.

Hoan Kiem Lake is a landscape of Hanoi. Around the lake, there have many types of flowers and plants. It has the Turtle Tower between the lake and Ngoc Son Temple. Besides, Le Thai To statue, The Huc Bridge, But tower and Ba Kieu temple… are beside the Lake.

Hoan Kiem Lake

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