Vietnam Religion

Besides the traditional religious practices in Vietnam, there are other major religions Buddhism, Catholicism….at present, 70 percentvietnam religion population of Vietnam are Buddhist.

About 10 percent of population are considered to be catholic. The number of Protestants is estimated as a mere 400,000. Most of Islamic followers in Vietnam are those of the Cham ethnic minority group living in the central part of the central coast. The number of Islamic followers in Vietnam total about 50,000. The Cao Dai church in Tay Ninh is the central point nearby which are located settlements of Cao Dai followers in the south Vietnam. The number of followers of this sect is estimated at 2 million. More than 1 million Vietnamese are follower of Hoa Hao sect.

Vietnam Religion

Cao Dai church Tay Ninh

For people are Buddhist, they care very much about going to pagoda on 15th and 1st every month, they come here to pray the best things to their families as good health, business….In theory there are three main religions in Vietnam: Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism; but in fact there is “tripple religion”, which is an amalgamation of these three doctrines, each of which represents a particular aspect of the whole. And now Buddhism still is main religion in Vietnam.

Vietnam Religion


Buddhism spread first from China to Vietnam’s Red River Delta region in approximately the second century A.D., and then from India to the southern Mekong Delta area at some time between the third and the sixth centuries. The Chinese version, Mahayana Buddhism, became the faith of most Vietnamese, whereas the Indian version, Theravada (or Hinayana) Buddhism, was confined mostly to the southern delta region. The doctrinal distinction between the two consists of their differing views of Gautama Buddha: the Mahayana school teaches that Gautama was only one of many “enlightened ones” manifesting the fundamental divine power of the universe; the Theravada school teaches that Gautama was the one-and-only enlightened one and the great teacher, but that he was not divine. The Mahayana sect holds further that laypersons can attain nirvana, whereas the Theravada school believes that only ordained monks and nuns can do so.

Vietnam Religion

Yen Tu Pagoda Quang Ninh

At the 13 century, during the Tran dynasty (1225-1400), the first 3 Kings Trần Thái Tôn, Trần Thánh Tông, Trần Nhân Tông and many high-ranking mandarins and royal members were Zen Buddhists. Among them King Trần Nhân Tông was the most prominent, being the founder of Trúc Lâm Yên Tử Zen School after his retirement from the throne in 1299. The essence of Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen school is to “live the dharma” and Trần Nhân Tông’s life is the illustrated example. Trần Nhân Tông’s Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen School marked the beginning and foundation of Vietnamese Buddhism, which is exemplified by the tenet, “Dharma applied to worldly life,” all of the characteristics of which are outlined in the verse Cư Trần Lạc Đạo. In this interpretation of Buddhism, practicing Buddhism is not limited to ritual activities, worship, and meditation, but right within daily activities. There is no need to search for enlightenment and peace anywhere outside of self and of the environment one lives in.

For people follow Catholicism, they often go to church every Sunday. There are not so many churches in Vietnam as pagodas, there are often Buddhists going to church to visit as well.

Vietnam Religion

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